The end of the blacklist took more than a decade, and involved a lot of people, including President John F. Kennedy. The process also weakened the production code and dissolved the studio system. Afterward, some victims of the blacklist struggled to move on. http://www.youmustrememberthispodcast.com/episodes/2016/6/18/kirk-douglas-dalton-trumbo-and-otto-preminger-breaking-the-blacklist-part-2
During the Communist witch-hunts, Lena Horne was forced to choose between her career and her friendships — including her relationship with her mentor and friend Paul Robeson, the “singer, actor and political firebrand.” [You Must Remember This podcast] http://www.youmustrememberthispodcast.com/episodes/2016/5/16/stormy-weather-lena-horne-paul-robeson-blacklist-episode-12
Elia Kazan eventually decided that naming names before the House Un-American Activities Committee was the lesser of two evils, but he hated the decision the rest of his life. [You Must Remember This podcast] http://www.youmustrememberthispodcast.com/episodes/2016/5/23/on-the-waterfront-elia-kazan-blacklist-episode-13
In 1947, ten “unfriendly” witnesses refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee about Communism in Hollywood. They believed the Constitution would protect them. http://www.youmustrememberthispodcast.com/episodes/blacklist-hollywood-ten
This is a long read, but it’s excellent and worth the time investment if you take politics seriously.
For example, socialism does NOT ban private property.
I now feel like I actually have some understanding of what socialism and communism are, which I did not have before.
I recently asked a friend whether he is a socialist and he replied he wasn’t sure, but he was sure that socialism would work better than whatever economic system we currently have. I agree. And I am definitely a social democrat. The US needs strong free markets, but it also needs strong government, to keep those markets serving the people, rather than the people serving the ultra-rich. Democracy, rather than markets, should be in charge of the US.
Government also needs to provide services, such as universal education and healthcare, that the free market does not seem to be able to provide.
Also, by the way, the universe of “Star Trek” is absolutely a socialist vision. No question about it. It verges on Communism.
Nope, says reddit.com/r/communism101.
It has several key characteristics of Communism, most notably elimination of property, profit, business and money. Replicators handle “to each according to his ability.”
But the Federation fails one characteristic of Communism: Eliminating government.
Star Trek under Roddenberry hated business, particularly in “The Next Generation.” But Roddenberry himself was a businessman. As portrayed in These Are the Voyages, Roddenberry’s ego made him self-sabotaging. He blamed others, and was reluctant to share credit and profit. He was kind of a Ferengi, actually.
Roddenberry’s Star Trek was “above all, a critique of Robert Heinlein” [Manu Saadia – Boing Boing]
I recently came across a definition of socialism (which I can no longer put my fingers on), that said it’s an economic system where the means of production is owned by the the workers, with the state as their proxy. It said that socialism is a stepping-stone on the way to Communism, when goods would be so plentiful that there would be no need to pay for them. And I said to myself, holy crap, that’s Star Trek.
Star Trek is a Communist society where everybody worthwhile serves in the military and wears a uniform.
Hitler backed the Fascist Nationalists, and used the war to try out weapons and strategies he’d later use in World War II. The Soviet Union backed the Communist Republicans, along with a cadre of American volunteers – the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.
Also backing the Spanish Fascists: Texaco, led by CEO Torkild Rieber, who later hired German Nazis, was fired by Texaco when the US turned resolutely anti-Nazi on the verge of our entry into World War II, and went to work for the Nazis directly.
On Fresh Air:
Nearly 80 years ago, about 2,800 Americans volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War. The war began in July 1936, when Gen. Francisco Franco led a fascist military coup against the the country’s newly elected democratic government. It lasted until Franco’s victory in 1939.
Journalist Adam Hochschild tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross that “it was by far the largest number of Americans before or since who’ve ever joined somebody else’s civil war.”
Hochschild chronicles Americans’ involvement in the war in his new book, Spain in Our Hearts. He says that the majority of Americans in Spain (including writer Ernest Hemingway, who reported on the conflict) were sympathetic to the Republican forces who fought against Franco’s Nationalists.
Delmer Berg, who died recently age 100, was the last known living veteran of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. They were Americans who joined the Spanish Communists to fight the Fascists in Spain prior to World War II. Berg himself was a Communist; he joined the US party in 1943 and remained a Communist until his death.
Mr. Berg went to Spain when he was a very young man. He fought in some of the biggest and most consequential battles of the war. He sustained wounds. He watched friends die. He knew he had ransomed his life to a lost cause, for a people who were strangers to him, but to whom he felt an obligation, and he did not quit on them. Then he came home, started a cement and stonemasonry business and fought for the things he believed in for the rest of his long life.
I don’t believe in most of the things that Mr. Berg did, except this. I believe, as Donne wrote, “no man is an island, entire of itself.” He is “part of the main.” And I believe “any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind.”
So was Mr. Berg. He didn’t need to know for whom the bell tolls. He knew it tolled for him. And I salute him. Rest in peace.