The First Bakers

Archaeologists in Jordan have discovered evidence of people making bread 14,000 years ago. Meanwhile, their counterparts in Israel have discovered evidence of beer brewing from 13,000 years ago. So people had pretzels a thousand years before beer came along.

Court records reveal a Mueller report right in plain view

“ … Mueller has spoken loudly, if indirectly, in court — indictment by indictment, guilty plea by guilty plea. In doing so, he tracked an elaborate Russian operation that injected chaos into a U.S. presidential election and tried to help Trump win the White House. He followed a GOP campaign that embraced the Kremlin’s help and championed stolen material to hurt a political foe. And ultimately, he revealed layers of lies, deception, self-enrichment and hubris that followed.”

Barcelona coffee

This is my fourth visit to Barcelona and this time I’m prepared with knowledge. I’ve always been confused by the coffee varieties here and usually just ordered “americano,” which somebody told me once is as close as you can get to American-style coffee.

I don’t like americano and so I have usually been dissatisfied with the coffee available here.

But today I did some googling in my hotel room. Here is what I learned:

I already knew what espresso is. It’s a small shot of coffee, very strong, made by forcing a small quantity of hot water quickly through a very fine grind.

Ristretto is something you see a lot here. It’s an even smaller quantity of coffee, made with the same amount of ground coffee but less water. I just had a double ristretto now and liked it.

Americano is espresso diluted with hot water. Many people like it. I, as I said, do not. I think the people who like Americano probably mostly take their coffee with milk and maybe sugar too.

For this visit to Barcelona, I think I’m going to stick with espresso. Until recently I would’ve told you that I don’t like espresso, but I’ve been going through life knowing that I don’t like espresso and in fact have not tried espresso since I was a teenager. On a whim I tried espresso a few months ago, and found I do in fact like it.

I do prefer American-style coffee, partly because it takes longer to drink it and therefore the experience lasts longer. But, you travel, you adapt.

What’s the Difference Between an Americano and a Cup of Drip Coffee?

Cappuccino Vs Latte Vs Mocha, What Are The Differences?

Extraction Wars – Espresso vs Ristretto

Where should I visit in Barcelona to get the best coffee? I’m in town for Mobile World Congress, so I’ll be at the Fira all day, and I’m staying near the Sagrada Familia.


Squirrels can jump ten times the length of their bodies. They can turn their ankles 180 degrees so they can climb down trees. And other facts you didn’t know you wanted to know about squirrels.

Meet the man behind a third of what’s on Wikipedia

Steven Pruitt has made nearly 3 million edits on Wikipedia and written 35,000 original articles. He has edited one-third of all English language articles on Wikipedia. Time Magazine named him one of the top 25 influencers on the Internet, along with Donald Trump, J.K. Rowling, and Kim Kardashian West.

Pruitt is a volunteer with a civil service day job who lives at home with his parents.

Novelist seeks advice on San Diego

English gentleman visited San Diego for two weeks on holiday — um, vacation. Decided to write a novel set here. Wants advice on color from the locals. You will enjoy the discussion and find it amiable, unless you are from Arizona.